Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) is extremely valuable in eastern Africa, but high biomass production is often limited by poor establishment. An experiment was carried out at Makerere University Agricultural Research Institute, Kabanyolo (MUARIK) to determine the effect of planting method on sprouting and survival of Napier cuttings for three varieties. Erect and prostrate planting methods were compared. During the period 10 to 52 days after planting, ILCA 16791 was superior in percentage sprouting, development of fully opened leaves and 10 to 15 cm long leaves, and consequently had the lowest percentage of plants failing to sprout. The erect planting method resulted in a slightly higher percentage of sprouted Napier cuttings, but, generally, planting method did not have a significant effect on sprouting, growth and plant survival. Survival varied significantly between seasons.