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Enhancing stakeholders


Declining soil productivity is a concern in Uganda. One of the major causes is nutrient depletion. Studies of root causes implicate lack of adequate capacities among stakeholders (farmers, extension staff and local leaders) to face the challenge. To this end, this study was conducted in Kachonga sub-county, Tororo District, Eastern Uganda with the objectives of showing how (i) Policy capacity to support and implement programs for improved soil management can be enhanced (ii). Farmers can be provided with an opportunity to manage their soil problems through use of available local knowledge on soil management, and sensitization on available scientific technologies, and (iii) Extension staff can be equipped with skills in use of soil management decision- aid guidelines. The approach was participatory, making use of such techniques as focus group discussions, mapping, time lines, and transect walks. Activities conducted included workshops for local leaders and farmer, training sessions for extension staff, and participatory meetings with farmers in the fields, at village levels. Findings indicate that local policy makers are committed to playing their roles in contributing to the solution of this problem but are constrained by lack of information for decision making, among other things; farmers are aware of the problem but only need empowerment to solve it and that there are gaps in the skills of staff, which need adequate filling. It is thus recommended that policy makers be routinely advised of their roles, that skills of staff are adequately updated, and that farmers are appropriately involved in programs that benefit them.

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Collaborative Forest Management in Uganda: Benefits, Implementation Challenges and Future Directions

Collaborative forest management (CFM) approach has been implemented by the National Forestry Authority with aim of establishing forest management partnerships between forest adjacent communities and government agencies mandated to mange forests. CFM is defined as a mutually beneficial arrangement in which a forest user groups and responsible body share roles, responsibilities, rights and returns (benefits) in a forest reserve or part of it to achieve sustainable forest use. CFM defines a local community

Chimpanzee diet and habitat selection in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda


Between June 2000 and August 2001 observations were made on food types, plant species and parts consumed by chimpanzee in relation to various habitats in the Budongo Forest Reserve (BFR), Uganda. Factors influencing their occurrence as well as their activity patterns were also assessed. The chimpanzees of the BFR spent 80% of their daytime feeding and their diet comprised 56 plants species of which 94% were trees. Chimpanzees spent most of their feeding time on B. papyrifera, Ficus sur, Ficus mucuso, Ficus exasperata and Ficus variifolia. Chimpanzees fed mostly on fruits (71%), favouring ripe ones, and young leaves (16%). Factors positively influencing occurrence of chimpanzees included habitat types (logged area and forest edge), plant types (trees), food types (fruits), fruit maturity (ripe fruits), and fruit quantity. Logged area and forest edge provided 76% of the chimpanzee food but are also the habitats with the highest human interference, e.g. logging and agriculture encroachment. Past forest management plans did not consider chimpanzee food trees; most were considered weeds and killed with aboricides. We conclude that the long-term survival of chimpanzees of the BFR requires implementation of management plans based on conservation of food tree species. # 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes); Feeding habits; Budongo Forest Reserve; Human disturbance; Uganda

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