A section of participants in a group discussion
FANRPAN holds a National Policy Dialogue on Domestic Climate Financing in Uganda
Participants pose for a group photograph
A National Policy dialogue on domestic climate financing in Uganda was on 7th August 2015 convened at Makerere University’s School of Food Technology, Nutrition and Bio engineering under the project, “The Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network” abbreviated as FANRPAN.
The dialogue was attended by representatives from government, farmer organisations, private sector, NGOs, Research institutions including universities and civil society of about 50 people in total.
Currently, domestic climate financing in developing countries like those in Africa is characterised by a number of challenges. These include inconsistent definitions and criteria to define climate finance, inconsistence markers, indicators and codes to characterise different types of financial data and insufficient institutional arrangements including unclear roles and responsibilities of different ministries.
Within its Climate Change portfolio, FANRPAN is implementing the COMESA-EAC-SADC Project. The project aims to contribute to the consolidated and unified African position on climate change through creation of awareness among decision makers.
Consistent with the COMESA-EAC-SADC objective, the overall goal of the project is to ensure that the impacts of climate change in the COMESA-EAC-SADC region are addressed through successful adaptation and mitigation actions which will also build economic and social resilience for the present and future generations.
FANRPAN Uganda Node Coordinator Prof. Archileo Kaaya said the objectives of the National policy dialogue were to increase understanding of the climate change challenges for agriculture in Sub- Saharan Africa at national levels, discuss mechanisms for mainstreaming climate change knowledge into domestic agricultural research; and three to discuss mechanisms for sustainable domestic financing of Climate Smart Agriculture.
On behalf of the Dean, School of Food Technology, Nutrition and Bio engineering Prof. Archileo Kaaya told participants that the Uganda FANRPAN Node was established during the FANRPAN 2011 Annual Food Security Regional Policy Dialogue in Swaziland and was launched in Uganda on 24th May 2012 and hosted by Makerere University College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES) whose mission is to advance training, knowledge generation and service delivery in order to enhance agricultural development, sustainable natural resource utilisation and environmental management.
Prof. Archileo Kaaya presenting on behalf of the Dean SFTNB
The Dean reported that the Node is part of the Makerere University centre of climate change research and innovation and that several Climate Smart Agriculture training programmes had been held by CAES and the Node has participated fully and coordinated a number of activities in the country.
He thanked all organisations financing CSA and FANRPAN for selecting Uganda’s concept note. The Dean also thanked participants for honouring the invitation and pledged the Node’s continued support.
Giving an overview of the COMESA project and domestic climate financing by the FANRPAN program Assistant, Talentus Mthunzi said the Vision of FANRPAN was a food secure Africa free from hunger and poverty while its Mission is to promote effective Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) policies by facilitating linkages and partnerships between government and civil society, building the capacity for policy analysis and policy dialogue in southern Africa, and supporting demand-driven policy research and analysis.
Mr. Mthunzi outlined the FANRPANs four thematic thrust as including food systems , agricultural productivity, natural resources and environment, social protection and livelihoods and institutional strengthening.
“Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals. CSA promotes agricultural best practices, particularly: integrated crop management, conservation agriculture, intercropping, improved seeds and fertilizer management practices, as well as supporting increased investment in agricultural research” he said
The Program Assistant FANRPAN Talentus Mthunzi presenting
He added that FANRPAN CSA Programmes Seek to generate CSA research- based evidence and addresses knowledge gaps; Strengthen CSA institutional capacity and support capacity building of young professional on CSA and food security research; Support advocacy campaigns for the development and implementation of responsive CSA policies and the uptake of CSA best practices.
Consistent with the COMESA-EAC-SADC Programme objective, Mr. Mthunzi explained that the overall goal of the COMESA-EAC-SADC Climate Change Tripartite Programme is to ensure that the 'impacts of climate change in the COMESA-EAC-SADC region are addressed through successful adaptation and mitigation actions which will also build economic and social resilience for present and future generations.
‘Specific Project Objective are to ensure that the African Climate Solution is accepted by the global community and Climate Change mainstreamed in national planning and to support member states to access adaptation funds and other climate change financing sources and mechanisms through national investment frameworks for climate adaptation in agriculture, forestry and other land uses, and to strengthen capacity for national research and training institutions and implementation of research programmes”.
Daniel Lukwago from Nonner Consults presented the Uganda National Climate Change Finance Analysis 2008/09-2011/12 premised on the gap that the Ugandan Government and the international community do not have good ways of measuring public flows of climate finance, nor of promoting effective practice in the delivery of financial support for climate change-related actions.
The consultant responding to queries after his presentation
The study identifying relevant public expenditure and measuring the effectiveness of such spending against an explicit assessment framework using a combined methodological approach of a qualitative analysis of the policy context and institutional arrangements with a quantitative review of public spending on climate change relevant actions.
The study provides a first estimate of climate change relevant expenditures that appear in the national budget of Uganda over the period 2008/9 -2011/12. The study examined three interlinked elements namely the policy context; built a picture of the overall policy environment for climate change expenditure, from the formulation of climate change policy to its linkages to spending through national strategies and action plans.
Key Findings indicated that Climate change-related expenditure grew relatively strongly: 71% over the four years but overall, non-climate-related expenditure has grown relatively more quickly. However, total expenditure on climate related public expenditure as a percentage of GDP was very low, at less than one per cent of GDP.
It was also found out that climate change-related expenditure accounted for about 1% of total government expenditure. Climate change expenditure were concentrated in relatively few Ministries with over 50% relevant programmes by number were contained in MAAIF and the MWE. Smaller numbers of climate relevant programmes were found in the MWT and MEMD
The study also revealed that expenditure on climate-related activities represented a small part of the relevant Ministries’ budgets and decreased from a high of 2.8% in 2008/9 to 1.0% 2011/12 . Only for the MAAIF, MWE, NPA and MEMD climate related expenditure accounted for 5% or more of their actual expenditure.
Most expenditure items according to the study findings are of low relevance with relatively few of high and medium relevance Only : The CCU housed in MWE and the development project promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency in MEMD.
Almost all expenditure by value is concentrated in low relevance programmes and overall, more is spent on Adaptation than Mitigation activities.
The study Policy Recommendations fell into three categories namely Securing information on climate finance; Revising the National climate change policy; Planning climate finance delivery and Supporting actions for effective climate finance delivery.
Participants were divided into three groups and assigned to discuss questions basing on the Objectives of the National Dialogue on how to increase understanding of the climate change challenges for agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa at national levels; mechanisms for mainstreaming climate change knowledge into domestic agricultural research; and third mechanisms for sustainable domestic financing of CSA.