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Contains all publications for 2004.

Factors Affecting Effective Performance of Rural Producers

Sseguya, H. M. N. Mangheni, A. R. Semana and F. I. Oumo (2004). Factors Affecting Effective Performance of Rural Producers

Factors Affecting Effective Performance of Rural Producers

Sseguya, H. M. N. Mangheni, A. R. Semana and F. I. Oumo (2004). Factors Affecting Effective Performance of Rural Producers

Gender Dimensions of Rural Producer Organizations in Uganda

Abstract

Rural Producers Organizations (RPOs) have a vital role to play in most efforts to improve the peoples standards of living. The current policy environment in Uganda actively encourages rural producers to organize in groups so as to access agricultural services. These RPOs are organized under many umbrella organizations one of them being Uganda Co-operative Alliance (UCA), which was selected for this study. This study was based on the premise that despite existing evidence that UCA has made some efforts to address gender concerns in its activities, there was insufficient knowledge of the extent of gender mainstreaming in the organization; gender issues that exist in policy, management and project implementation; as well as the challenges faced during attempts to address gender in the field. The study objectives were to (i) explore how UCA mainstreams gender in economic and agricultural policy formulation and implementation and (ii) recommend a strategy to improve gender mainstreaming in the management, governance and activities of UCA. A formative research process methodology, an on- going evaluative research methodology which emphasises collaborative research design by researchers and organizations being researched and instant feedback for organizational learning, was used. Results indicated that UCA has a long history of recognising gender issues in its programs dating back to around the late 1970s when it was initiated by the International Co-operative Alliance. Continuity along this line has been attributed to various donors who emphasize gender in projects supported and the gender sensitive national policy framework. With regard to the current status of gender mainstreaming, despite the gender sensitive national policy and legal framework, a key gap is that UCA has not yet completed the process of formulation of a written gender policy and there is only limited mention of gender in the byelaws and other policy instruments of the organization. This could explain the variations in the level and approach to gender mainstreaming adopted by various projects, and could limit the sustainability of whatever exists. Despite this however, staff at both national and district level appreciate the principle of gender mainstreaming in UCA activities and case studies of three projects being implemented by primary societies, namely, FETAS, CECFIS and YEECO, revealed that although women continue to trail behind men, there is a positive trend in participation of both men and women in the Co-operative societies activities. Key challenges experienced during gender mainstreaming include absence of a coordination mechanism at the national level and insufficient capacity among staff in some of the projects. Based on these findings, the main recommendations include review of existing policies and laws with the objective of mainstreaming gender at this level, development of a comprehensive gender policy, development of a clear strategy and action plan to mainstream gender in all of UCAs project activities, capacity building for all UCA staff in gender and putting in place a central mechanism to coordinate and monitor gender mainstreaming efforts in UCA projects and all other activities.

Agroforestry approach to land use.A training manual for extension agents.A teaching aid for the short course on agroforestry at the Faculty of Agriculture, Makerere University.

sekabembe,C.K.(Editor). 2004a. Agroforestry approach to land use.A training manual for extension agents.A teaching aid for the short course on agroforestry at the Faculty of Agriculture, Makerere University.4

Agroforestry illustrated. A teaching aid for the short course on agroforestry at the Faculty of Agriculture, Makerere University.

Ssekabembe,CK.2004b. Agroforestry illustrated. A teaching aid for the short course on agroforestry at the Faculty of Agriculture, Makerere University.

Effect of crop wastes derived soil fertility amendments on character, pest infestation and yield of cabbage. Proceedings of the XXII International Congress of Entomology

Karungi, J., Ekbom, B. and Kyamanywa, S. 2004. Effect of crop wastes derived soil fertility amendments on character, pest infestation and yield of cabbage. Proceedings of the XXII International Congress of Entomology, 15-21 August 2004 Brisbane-Queensland, Australia.4

Enhancing the role of Makerere University in technology generation and dissemination.

Abstract

Uganda has a largely agrarian based economy with 85% of its nearly 35 million people living in rural areas and 80% of its labor force engaged in agricultural production as their primary form of livelihood. The agriculture sector also accounts for 40 percent of GDP and 85% of export earnings with 90% of this being generated by crop production. Horticultural production is one of the fastest growing agricultural sub-sectors with a growth rate of 20% per year. It contributes to value addition, income diversification and foreign exchange earnings through exports (UIA, 1999). Horticultural production in Uganda is dominated by small scale producers (2ha. or less) who produce for both local and export markets. The most important horticultural crops in the vegetable category include tomato, green beans, cowpea, pepper, onion, crucifers, and Amaranthas spp. Because of ravages of pests and diseases on these moderate to high value crops, pesticides are among the key inputs on these crops. The increased use of chemical pesticides on horticultural crops has raised a number of economic, ecological and health concerns. Economic concerns arise from the over reliance and use of chemical pesticides which increase the costs of production. Indiscriminate use of pesticides has resulted in ecological problems of common pests developing resistance, elimination of natural enemies and other beneficial arthropods, and environmental pollution. Human health concerns focus on risks from shortcomings in protective clothing, large deviations from recommended doses/situations, and excessive run-off into the soil and water sources. These concerns are exacerbated by poorly regulated internal markets for pesticides that have fostered usage of banned or outdated products; creating a situation that if not stopped will negatively impact on horticultural exports to countries with more stringent regulatory requirements for fresh crop produce. Meeting these food safety requirements has become a major challenge for the fresh produce export sector of many African countries. To ensure and maintain export compliance, grower and consumer safety, and environmental integrity; farmers, government and development partners are developing programmes designed to improve pesticides usage, regulation and management on horticultural crops. In this chapter, three important horticultural crops grown in Uganda20 Pesticides in the Modern World

Karungi- Tumutegyereize, J. and Adipala, E. (Eds), 2004. Enhancing the role of Makerere University in technology generation and dissemination. Implementation Report submitted by the Department of Crop Science to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, pp 51.

Proceedings of the dissemination workshop on utilization of market wastes held on 15-16 April 2004, Fairway Hotel, Kampala, Uganda.

Sabitti, E.N. and Karungi-Tumutegyereize, J. (Eds), 2004. Proceedings of the dissemination workshop on utilization of market wastes held on 15-16 April 2004, Fairway Hotel, Kampala, Uganda.

Adoption of IPM groundnut production in eastern Uganda.

Mugisha, J., Ogwal-O, R., Ekere, W. and Ekiyar, V. (2004): Adoption of IPM groundnut production in eastern Uganda. African Crop Science Journal, 12(4):383-391

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Performance of farmers-led extension system in agricultural technology transfer and adoption.

Mugisha, J., Madsen, O., Tumusiime, E. and Byekwaso, J. (2004): Performance of farmers-led extension system in agricultural technology transfer and adoption. Uganda Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9:730-735

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